Finance Standpoints

[Water Consumption]

During the high water intake intervention, researchers found that children exhibited 34% lower working memory during the switch task relative to the low intervention. No significant changes in cognition were observed for the flanker and go/no-go tasks. Zemdegs said higher urine concentration was associated with lower accuracy on the switch task, noting that children's cognitive flexibility selectively benefits from greater habitual hydration and water intake. “Water and hydration impacts kids’ cognition,” Zemdegs said. “One important question is whether kids are well hydrated and drinking enough water at school, when they need cognition to be at the best level so they can learn and pay attention.” Despite spending approximately half of waking hours at school, children do not drink water there, with only 14% of total fluid intake occurring at school, Zemdegs said. Parent surveys show children prefer other beverages, do not realize they should drink more water or water is not available. “Education is part of behavior change,” Zemdegs said. “We must tell kids why it is important to drink water and make it fun to improve water intake.” Zemdegs said simple steps can improve water intake among children: Create “moments of hydration” — Parents and caregivers should encourage children to drink water regularly before school, during lunch and dinner, during class or while outside, Zemdegs said. “Drink as I do” — Survey data show that children with parents who often consume carbonated sugar-sweetened beverages were 300% more likely to drink such beverages themselves, Zemdegs said, whereas 87% of children consumed water when parents were drinking plain water often.

https://www.healio.com/news/endocrinology/20200903/increased-water-intake-may-boost-cognition-among-children

That was the same number of vessels expected under the 2020-2024 plan. All of the new production systems will be installed at deep- or ultradeep-water fields, Petrobras said. Investments will also be limited to projects that have a breakeven production price of $35/b during the plan, Petrobras said. Crude oil output was estimated to rise to 2.3 million b/d in 2022, 2.5 million b/d in 2023 and 2.6 million b/d in 2024, Petrobras said. Total hydrocarbons output was forecast to jump to 2.9 million boe/d in 2022, 3.1 million boe/d in 2023, 3.3 million boe/d in 2024 and 3.3 million boe/d in 2025, Petrobras said. "The oil and gas production curve estimated for the 2021-2025 period, without considering divestments, indicates continuous growth focused on development of projects that generate value, with an increase in the share of subsalt assets holding lower extraction costs," Petrobras said. Petrobras' commercial production volume, which subtracts the volumes of natural gas that is re-injected, consumed on board floating production units or burned off during production, the company said. Petrobras expects commercial production to average 2.45 million boe/d in 2021, with the measure rising to 3 million boe/d in 2025, the company said. Petrobras also joined the plethora of international oil companies reining in spending amid reduced demand caused by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. The $55 billion investment budget represents a significant retreat from the $75.7 billion earmarked for spending under the previous here. 2020-2024 investment plan. CEO Roberto Castello Branco also said last year, after investments failed to meet spending targets, that the company would make more-realistic spending estimates going forward.

https://www.spglobal.com/platts/en/market-insights/latest-news/natural-gas/112620-brazils-petrobras-targets-oil-output-of-27-mil-bd-by-2025

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